Company Liquidation in UAE and Role of Directors

Duties and Responsibilities of Company Directors During Company Liquidation

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Duties and Responsibilities of Company Directors During Company Liquidation

Throughout the company liquidation process, the duties and obligations of company directors become particularly significant. It is essential for directors to possess a thorough understanding of their role to carry out their tasks diligently and in accordance with legal requirements. In this article, we will discuss the key elements of the director’s role during liquidation, highlighting their responsibilities, potential liabilities, and the steps necessary to successfully steer through this complex process.

Understanding Company Liquidation

Before diving into the specific responsibilities of directors during company liquidation, it is crucial to comprehend the notion of liquidation itself. Liquidation refers to the formal process of winding up a company’s affairs and apportioning its assets to stakeholders, such as creditors and shareholders. There are two main types of business dissolution in UAE: voluntary liquidation, initiated by the company’s shareholders, and compulsory liquidation, initiated by creditors or the court. The role of directors in both forms of liquidation carries substantial weight, as they must fulfill obligations to ensure a just and well-ordered winding up of the company’s affairs.

Cooperation with the Company Liquidator

Directors bear a crucial responsibility to collaborate entirely with the designated liquidator. The liquidator’s function is to supervise the liquidation procedure and confirm its adherence to the law. Directors must supply the liquidator with all pertinent company records, books, and financial data, allowing them to execute their duties effectively. Failing to cooperate with the liquidator can lead to penalties and possible personal liability.

Collaboration with the liquidator entails offering precise and prompt information concerning the company’s financial affairs. Directors should help the liquidator in recognizing and appraising the company’s assets and liabilities. Furthermore, they should supply information on any outstanding debts and obligations. By working together with the liquidator, directors contribute to the efficient management of the liquidation process and improve the likelihood of a successful outcome for all stakeholders involved.

Act in the Best Interest of Creditors During Company Liquidation

A fundamental responsibility of directors during liquidation is to act in the best interest of the company’s creditors. This duty arises from the point at which the company is deemed to be insolvent or near insolvency. Directors must give precedence to the interests of creditors over those of shareholders, ensuring that available assets are distributed fairly.

To uphold this responsibility, directors should avoid undertaking actions that could unfairly benefit specific creditors or impede the equitable allocation of assets. They must exhibit care and diligence in handling the company’s affairs throughout the liquidation process. Directors should carefully review and consider the consequences of their decisions on the company’s creditors and consult professional guidance when needed.

Additionally, directors must be conscious of their obligation to treat all creditors equally. They should not engage in any preferential payments or transactions that could disadvantage specific creditors. If directors are aware of any transactions that might be considered preferential, they should notify the liquidator and undertake suitable actions to rectify the situation.

Avoiding Wrongful Trading and Personal Liability

Directors must be vigilant in avoiding wrongful trading during the liquidation process. Wrongful trading transpires when directors persist in managing a company when no reasonable chance exists of evading insolvent liquidation. If convicted of wrongful trading, directors may face personal liability for the company’s debts accumulated during that time. It is crucial for directors to consistently evaluate the company’s financial stability and consult professional guidance if insolvency appears probable.

Directors should closely monitor the company’s financial status and take suitable measures when insolvency emerges as a genuine threat. This could entail seeking expert advice, contemplating alternatives like voluntary liquidation, or participating in discussions with creditors to attain a mutually advantageous agreement. By acting judiciously and responsibly, directors can alleviate the potential for personal liability and display their dedication to fulfilling their obligations during liquidation.

Moreover, directors should avoid any transactions or actions that could be considered fraudulent or improper. This encompasses transferring assets away from the company or engaging in transactions with the intent to deceive creditors. Directors must act with honesty and in compliance with the law, making certain that all transactions are carried out transparently and for legitimate business reasons.

Maintain Proper Books and Records

During the liquidation process, directors retain an ongoing obligation to maintain proper books and records. These records are expected to precisely portray the company’s financial activities leading up to, and throughout, the liquidation process. Directors must confirm that all financial transactions are logged, and relevant paperwork is retained. Preserving accurate books and records enables both directors and the liquidator to follow the company’s financial trajectory, identify any potential irregularities, and ensure that the liquidation process is executed transparently and in compliance with the relevant laws and regulations. Directors should exhibit due diligence in record-keeping, which includes organizing financial and bank statements, contracts, and communications pertinent to the company’s financial matters.


The roles and responsibilities of company directors during liquidation are instrumental in properly dissolving a company. Directors are obligated to act in the best interest of creditors, collaborate comprehensively with the appointed liquidator, eschew wrongful trading and personal liability, and keep proper records throughout the process. By diligently fulfilling these duties and adhering to the law, directors can effectively navigate the liquidation process. It’s pivotal for directors to solicit professional advice when needed, stay knowledgeable about their legal responsibilities, and cooperate constructively with the liquidator to complete the process of winding up the company. 


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